This podcast explores the hyper-normalisation of inequality and injustice through the racial infrastructure established in the US after the abolishment of Slavery. We see the death of Emmett Till, and the extraordinary actions of his mother (Mamie) as a shattering of this hyper-normalisation. With Professor George Lewis and Professor Lydia Plath, Adaugo Uko explores how Mamie Till used the physicality of Emmett’s mutilated body to breach the hyper-normalisation of the racial infrastructure.

Acknowledgements:

Special thanks to:

Dr Illan Wall, Associate Professor at the School of Law, Warwick University: For his consistent encouragement and extensive support throughout the construction of this podcast.

Dr Lydia Plath, Associate Professor at the Department of History, Warwick University: For her indispensable and valuable participation as an interviewee.

Dr George Lewis, Professor of American History, University of Leicester: For his indispensable and valuable participation as an interviewee.

Music

Ghost Processional by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100219 Artist: http://incompetech.com/

Medusa by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100804 Artist: http://incompetech.com/

Darkest Child A by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100783 Artist: http://incompetech.com/

Anguish by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1400047 Artist: http://incompetech.com/

Atlantean Twilight by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100322 Artist: http://incompetech.com/

 Hit the Streets (Version 2) by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100882 Artist: http://incompetech.com/

Documentaries:

Adam Curtis , ‘Hypernormalisation’ (October 16 2016) <https://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/p04b183c/adam-curtis-hypernormalisation>

Kieth Beauchamp, ‘The Untold Story of Emmett Luis Till’ (November 20 2012) <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bvijYSJtkQk&t=1989s>

Articles

Douglas S. Massey and Nancy A. Denton, ‘The Dimensions of Residential Segregation’, Vol. 67, No. 2, December 1988, pp. 281-315

Dr David Pilgrim, ‘What was Jim Crow?’, September 2000, <https://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm>

The African American Policy Forum, ‘Segregation’, < https://aapf.org/segregation>

Cheryl Bond-Nelms, ‘Boycotts, Movements and Marches’, February 9 2018 <https://www.aarp.org/politics-society/history/info-2018/civil-rights-events-fd.html#quest1>

Erin Sullivan, ‘Council Of Federated Organisations (1962 – 1956)’, October 2010, <https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/council-federated-organizations-1962-1965/>

The United States Courts, ‘History – Brown V. Board of Education Re-enactment’ <https://www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/educational-activities/history-brown-v-board-education-re-enactment>

Civil Rights Teachings, Freedom Ballot (or “Freedom Vote”),<https://www.civilrightsteaching.org/1963/freedom-ballot-or-freedom-vote>

History.com Editors, Freedom Summer, <https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/freedom-summer>

History.com Editors, The Civil Rights Movement, <https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement>

History.com Editors, Segregation in the United States, <https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/segregation-united-states>

Biography.com Editors, Emmett Till Biography (1941 – 1955), <https://www.biography.com/crime-figure/emmett-till>

Library of Congress, The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom, The Civil Rights Era Timeline< https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/civil-rights-act/civil-rights-era-timeline.html>

Library of Congress, The Murder of Emmett Till <https://www.loc.gov/collections/civil-rights-history-project/articles-and-essays/murder-of-emmett-till/>

Newspapers and Magazines

Jennifer Latson, ‘How Emmett Till’s Murder Changed The World’, (Times, August 28 2015) <https://time.com/4008545/emmett-till-history/>

Allan Jalon, ‘1955 Killing Sparked Civil Rights Revolution : Emmett Till: South’s Legend and Legacy’, (Los Angeles Times, October 7 1985) <https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1985-10-07-mn-16511-story.html>

Gary Younge, ‘Mamie Till’s warning still holds true in a racist world’ (The Guardian, April 8 2012) <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/apr/08/rooting-out-racism-us-uk-black>

Emma Sarah Webster, ‘How Emmett Till’s Horrific Murder Became a Catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement’ (Teen Vogue, February 15 2017) <https://www.teenvogue.com/story/emmett-till-murder-civil-rights-movement-explained>

Katie Nobjimbadem, ‘Emmett Till’s Open Casket Funeral Reignited the Civil Rights Movement’ (Smithsonian Magazine, September 2 2015) <https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/emmett-tills-open-casket-funeral-reignited-the-civil-rights-movement-180956483/>

Videos

Times Newspaper, ‘The Body of Emmett Till|100 Photos’, (November 17 2016) <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4V6ffUUEvaM>