The podcast will explore the tragi-comedic elements of the 1991 Soviet Coup that unfolded between the 19th and the 22nd August 1991 – an event that drastically changed the course of world history and ultimately led to the fall of the Soviet Union.  Professor Mark Kramer of Harvard University and Dr Daphne Skillen give details of the events leading up to the Coup, why the attempt to preserve the Communist rule failed and whether it could have ever been a success. It was a tragic fight for those who resisted the regime and a cartoonist loss for those who tried to preserve it. 

1.    The Collapse of East European Communism and the Repercussions within the Soviet Union (Part 2) Mark Kramer

2.    Waging Nonviolent Struggle: 20thCentury Practice and 21stCentury Potential (Gene Sharp) Chapter 25: Blocking The Soviet Hard-Line Coup – 1991 (Joshua Paulson)

3.    Televorot: The Role of Television Coverage in Russia’s August 1991 Coup – Victoria E. Bonnell and Gregory Freidin 

4.     How the Threat (and the Coup) Collapsed: The Politicization of the Soviet Military – Stephen M. Meyer 

5.    Lessons from the 1991 Soviet coup – Martin, BrianVarney, Wendy.

6.     Nonviolence and Communication Brian Martin and Wendy Varney

I interviewed: Professor Mark Kramer (Harvard University); Dr Daphne Skillen – she is now retired but used to be a journalist who worked with international organizations like the UNDP, EU, IFES, the Soros Foundation and as the UK’s DfID Moscow Media Manager (1996-1998).