On the morning of June 16, 1976, thousands of students from the African township of Soweto, outside Johannesburg, gathered at their schools to participate in a student-organized protest demonstration against the imposition of Afrikaans. It was meant to be a peaceful protest but hundreds were killed in the police response. This podcast details the dramatic events that took, place on the day, which marked the beginning of the end of the Apartheid system.


Winifred Orbih is currently undertaking the Nigerian Bar Examination and graduated from Warwick Law School in 2018.

With Special Thanks

  • Dr Illan Rua Wall, Associate Professor at the School of Law, Warwick University.
  • Lisa Heledd Jones, Director of Storyworks UK.
  • Professor Noor Nieftagodien, South African Research Chair: Local Histories, Present Realities, Head of History Workshop, University of Witwatersrand.
  • Dr Matt Graham, Lecturer in History, University of Dundee.


Bruce Miller,Music of Children and Teachers Eastern Uganda

Daniel Birch,Elevator Game

End of Winter,Rest You Sleeping Giant

Komiku, Ultra Person Vol 4

MC Cullah,Cullahnary School

(All music obtained from freemusicarchive.org)


Baruch Hirson,Year of Fire, Year of Ash The Soweto Revolt: Roots of a Revolution?

David Welsh, The Rise and Fall of Apartheid.

Håkan Thörnn, Anti-apartheid and the emergence of a global civil society.

Marks Chabedi, State Power, Violence, Crime and Everyday Life: A Case Study of Soweto in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Paul Dubow, Apartheid, 1948-1994.

Robert Harvey, The Fall of Apartheid: The Inside Story from Smuts to Mbeki.

Robin Cohen, Yvonne Methien and Abebe Zegeye (eds.),Repression and Resistance: Insider Accounts of Apartheid. 


Ali Khangela Hlongwane, The mapping of the June 16 1976 Soweto student uprisings routes: past recollections and present reconstruction(s).

Archie Mafeje, Soweto and Its Aftermath.

Christo Van Rensburg, Afrikaans and apartheid.

France N. Ntloedibe, The Road to Soweto: Resistance and the Uprising of 16 June 1976.

Gary Baines,The Master Narrative of South Africa’s Liberation Struggle: Remembering and Forgetting June 16, 1976.

Helena Pohlandt-McCormick, Winnie Mandela and the 1976 Soweto Uprising.

Ruth Kerkham Simbao, The Thirtieth Anniversary of the Soweto Uprisings:

Reading the Shadow in Sam Nzima’s Iconic Photograph of Hector Pieterson.

Sifiso Mxolisi Ndlovu, The Soweto Uprising.

Siobhan Glanvill,  Analysing the Construction of South African Youth in Historical-Related Images and Texts Around the Time of 16 June 2011.


Frederik Johannus Kooijmans, The Politics of Youth and Violence in the Townships of Johannesburg.

Ian Martin Macqueen, Re-Imagining South Africa: Black Conciousness, Radical Christianity and the New Left, 1967-1977.

 James Canvin,From Skollies to Revolutionaries: The Shift of Identity in a Cape Town Generation in Re- sponse to the Soweto Uprising of 1976.

Mafu Solomon Rakometsi, The Transformation of Black School Education in South Africa, 1950-1994: A Historical Perspective.

Monica Eileen Patterson, Constructions of Childhood in Apartheid’s Last Decades

Rachel E. Johnson,Making History, Gendering Youth : Young Woman and South Africa’s Liberation Struggles after 1976 .

Simon McGrat,Learning to Work? Changing Discourses on Education and Training in South Africa, 1976-96.

Stephanie Bell, Unequal Education? Knowledge-based limitations on substantive citizenship in South Africa.